Underground


In the hospital they remember their youth and the war. Two young boys, Halil, a Muslim, and Milan, a Serb, have The story follows an underground weapons manufacturer in Belgrade during WWII and evolves into fairly surreal situations. A black marketeer who smuggles the weapons to partisans doesn't mention to the workers that the war is over, and they keep producing.

Years later, they break out of their underground "shelter" only to convince themselves that the war is still going on. Those who have seen "Underground" have probably noticed that we are not watching one film but a collection of at least 10 films in one single masterpiece!! I watched with great enthusiasm the work of Kusturica after "Underground" in films like "Arizona Dream" or "Black Cat White Cat" films which prove to be more elaborate and "smoother" in terms of direction brilliant works as well!!

One could see the passion and boldness that is at stake in this motion picture. It's as if he gambled his own life doing "Underground" How else can you describe this work of art if not a mixture of devilish and holy images that take the shape of a flawless piece of theater-dance!! The actors speak, dance and create more than interpret with a vigor rarely found outside the Balkan Circle!

In terms of theatrical aesthetics the film incorporates Stanislavski realism at its best , Brecht at certain points the actors step out of their roles and mock at themselves and Artaud they are flames more than humans Needless to say more! One of the most beautiful I have ever seen! Start your free trial. Find showtimes, watch trailers, browse photos, track your Watchlist and rate your favorite movies and TV shows on your phone or tablet!

Millie Bobby Brown Before Eleven. Share this Rating Title: Use the HTML below. You must be a registered user to use the IMDb rating plugin. User Polls Which language is the most expressive? Learn more More Like This. Time of the Gypsies Life Is a Miracle A young New Yorker goes to Arizona where he finds freedom to both love and dream. When Father Was Away on Business The Underground serves stations.

The line and the stations were transferred to the London Overground network in These are made up of the sub-surface network and the deep-tube lines. These lines have the exclusive use of a pair of tracks, except for the Piccadilly line, which shares track with the District line between Acton Town and Hanger Lane Junction and with the Metropolitan line between Rayners Lane and Uxbridge; and the Bakerloo line, which shares track with London Overground services north of Queen's Park. Fifty-five per cent of the system runs on the surface. However, in some places, the tunnels are above each other for example, the Central line east of St Paul's station , or the running tunnels are on the right for example on the Victoria line between Warren Street and King's Cross St.

Pancras, to allow cross-platform interchange with the Northern line at Euston. The lines are electrified with a four-rail DC system: On the sections of line shared with mainline trains, such as the District line from East Putney to Wimbledon and Gunnersbury to Richmond, and the Bakerloo line north of Queen's Park, the centre rail is bonded to the running rails. The average speed on the Underground is The Metropolitan line can reach speeds of 62 mph. The London Underground was used by 1.

The Underground uses a number of railways and alignments that were built by main-line railway companies. London Underground trains come in two sizes, larger sub-surface trains and smaller deep-tube trains. Stock on sub-surface lines is identified by a letter such as S Stock , used on the Metropolitan line , while tube stock is identified by the year of intended introduction [] for example, Stock , used on the Jubilee line. In June a groundwater cooling system was installed at Victoria station. The Deep Tube Programme, investigating replacing the trains for the Bakerloo and Piccadilly lines, is looking for trains with better energy conservation and regenerative braking, on which it might be possible to install a form of air conditioning.

In the original Tube design, trains passing through close fitting tunnels act as pistons to create air pressure gradients between stations. This pressure difference drives ventilation between platforms and the surface exits through the passenger foot network. It also depends on an absence of turbulence in the tunnel headspace. In many stations the ventilation system is now ineffective because of alterations that reduce tunnel diameters and increase turbulence.

An example is Green Park tube station, where false ceiling panels attached to metal frames have been installed that reduce the above-head airspace diameter by more than half in many parts. Originally air turbulence was kept to a minimum by keeping all signage flat to the tunnel walls. Now the ventilation space above head height is crowded with ducting, conduits, cameras, speakers and equipment acting as a baffle plates with predictable reductions in flow.

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Temporary sign boards that stand at the top of escalators also maximise turbulence. The alterations to the ventilation system are important, not only to heat exchange, but also the quality of the air at platform level, particularly given its asbestos content. Originally access to the deep-tube platforms was by a lift. The shortest, at Stratford, gives a vertical rise of 4.

There are lifts, [] and numbers have increased in recent years because of investment making tube stations accessible. Over 28 stations will have lifts installed over the next 10 years, bring the total of step-free stations to over In summer London Underground, in partnership with Virgin Media , tried out Wi-Fi hot spots in many stations, but not in the tunnels, that allowed passengers free internet access. The free trial proved successful and was extended to the end of [] whereupon it switched to a service freely available to subscribers to Virgin Media and others, or as a paid-for service.

Preparation works started in Spring The main tunnelling was completed in November , having started in April of that year. The extension is due to open in Provision will be made for a possible future extension to Clapham Junction by notifying the London Borough of Wandsworth of a reserved course under Battersea Park and subsequent streets. Funding was agreed in December , [] and the final approval for the extension was given on 24 July , [] with the aim of completion by As of November , the project is on hold awaiting additional funding.

However, with post-war austerity, the plan was abandoned. In Ken Livingstone , the then Mayor of London , announced that within twenty years Camberwell would have a tube station. In , as part of the planning for the transfer of the North London line to what became London Overground , TfL proposed re-extending the Bakerloo line to Watford Junction.

What are the London Underground zones?

The London Borough of Hillingdon has proposed that the Central line be extended from West Ruislip to Uxbridge via Ickenham, claiming this would cut traffic on the A40 in the area. In Summer Transport for London issued a tender for up to 18 trains for the Jubilee line and up to 50 trains for the Northern line.

These would be used to increase frequencies and cover the Battersea extension on the Northern line. The study had showed that, with new generation trains and re-signalling:. A notice was published on 28 February in the Official Journal of the European Union asking for expressions of interest in building the trains.

Some stations are in two zones, and the cheapest fare applies. In , TfL became the first public transport provider in the world to accept payment from contactless bank cards. Over million journeys have taken place using contactless, and TfL has become one of Europe's largest contactless merchants, with around 1 in 10 contactless transactions in the UK taking place on across the TfL network. A concessionary fare scheme is operated by London Councils for residents who are disabled or meet certain age criteria.

In addition to automatic and staffed faregates at stations, the Underground also operates on a proof-of-payment system. The system is patrolled by both uniformed and plain-clothes fare inspectors with hand-held Oyster-card readers. The tube closes overnight during the week, but since , some lines have operated all night on Friday and Saturday nights.

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The first trains run from about The Underground runs a limited service on Christmas Eve with some lines closing early, and does not operate on Christmas Day. On 19 August , London Underground launched a hour service on the Victoria and Central lines with plans in place to extend this to the Piccadilly, Northern and Jubilee lines in the autumn starting on Friday morning and continuing right through until Sunday evening. The service operates on the:. The Jubilee, Piccadilly and Victoria lines operate at minute intervals, and the Central line between White City and Leytonstone [ clarification needed ] [ does this bit have 10 min intervals too?

Underground (TV series) - Wikipedia

No services will operate on the other lines for the time being. Accessibility for people with limited mobility was not considered when most of the system was built, and before fire regulations prohibited wheelchairs on the Underground. The standard issue tube map indicates stations that are step-free from street to platforms. Access from platform to train at some stations can be assisted using a boarding ramp operated by staff, and a section has been raised on some platforms to reduce the step.

During peak hours, stations can get so crowded that they need to be closed. Passengers may not get on the first train [] and the majority of passengers do not find a seat on their trains, [] some trains having more than four passengers every square metre. London Underground is authorised to operate trains by the Office of Rail Regulation , and the latest Safety Certification and Safety Authorisation is valid until In November it was reported that 80 people had committed suicide in the previous year on the London Underground, up from 46 in These were constructed in to aid drainage of water from the platforms, but also halve the likelihood of a fatality when a passenger falls or jumps in front of a train.

Early maps of the Metropolitan and District railways were city maps with the lines superimposed, [] and the District published a pocket map in He presented his original draft in , and after initial rejection it was first printed in Today's tube map is an evolution of that original design, and the ideas are used by many metro systems around the world. The current standard tube map shows the Docklands Light Railway, London Overground, Emirates Air Line, London Tramlink and the London Underground; [] a more detailed map covering a larger area, published by National Rail and Transport for London, includes suburban railway services.

While the first use of a roundel in a London transport context was the trademark of the London General Omnibus Company registered in , it was first used on the Underground in when the UERL placed a solid red circle behind station nameboards on platforms to highlight the name. The words "London Transport" were added inside the ring, above and below the bar. The Carr-Edwards report, published in as possibly the first attempt at a graphics standards manual, introduced stricter guidelines. Seventy of the London Underground stations use buildings that are on the Statutory List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest , and five have entrances in listed buildings.

In the first decade of the 20th century Leslie Green established a house style for the tube stations built by the UERL, which were clad in ox-blood faience blocks.

London Underground

The buildings had metal lettering attached to pale walls. When the Central line was extended east, the stations were simplified Holden proto- Brutalist designs, [] and a cavernous concourse built at Gants Hill in honour of early Moscow Metro stations. The stations of the s extension of the Jubilee line were much larger than before [] and designed in a high-tech style by architects such as Norman Foster and Michael Hopkins , making extensive use of exposed metal plating.

Many platforms have unique interior designs to help passenger identification. The tiling at Baker Street incorporates repetitions of Sherlock Holmes 's silhouette [] and at Tottenham Court Road semi-abstract mosaics by Eduardo Paolozzi feature musical instruments, tape machines and butterflies. The first posters used a number of type fonts, as was contemporary practice, [] and station signs used sans serif block capitals.

The typesetters P22 developed today's electronic version, sometimes called TfL Johnston, in Early advertising posters used various letter fonts. The Johnston Sans letter font began appearing on posters from Numbers of commissions dropped, to eight a year in the s and just four a year in the s, [] with images from artists such Harry Stevens and Tom Eckersley. Art on the Underground was introduced in by Henry Fitzhugh to revive London Transport as a patron of the arts: Similarly, Poems on the Underground has commissioned poetry since that are displayed in carriages.

The London Underground Film Office received over requests to film in Popular legends about the Underground being haunted persist to this day. Modern Warfare 3 has a single-player level named Mind The Gap where most of the level takes place between the dockyards and Westminster while the player and a team of SAS attempt to take down terrorists attempting to escape using the London Underground via a hijacked train. The game also features the multiplayer map "Underground", in which players are combating in a fictitious Underground station.

The London Underground map serves as a playing field for the conceptual game of Mornington Crescent [] which is named after a station on the Northern line and the board game The London Game. The London Underground is frequently studied by academics because it is one of the largest, oldest, and most widely used systems of public transit in the world. Therefore, the transportation and complex network literatures include extensive information about the Tube system. For London Underground passengers, research suggests that transfers are highly costly in terms of walk and wait times.

Because these costs are unevenly distributed across stations and platforms, path choice analyses may be helpful in guiding upgrades and choice of new stations. Since its beginnings in the 19th century, the Tube network has evolved, [] [] changing the shape of the system, the number of lines that intermingle [ clarification needed ] , and the presence of giant transportation hubs [ clarification needed ]. Over time, the Underground also transitioned from a 2-dimensional to 3-dimensional system [ clarification needed ] , thereby vastly increasing options for track placement and expansion.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the Greater London public transit system. For the suburban London rail network, see London Overground. For the album by Herbie Mann, see London Underground album. A larger sub-surface Metropolitan line train at Farringdon bound for Aldgate. History of the London Underground. The line has been referred to as the Circle line at least since and first appeared separately on the tube map in London Underground rolling stock.

Ventilation and cooling and London Underground cooling. Northern line extension to Battersea. WGN America original programming. Salem —17 Manhattan —15 Outsiders —17 Underground — Slavery in the United States and Slavery in Canada. Retrieved from " https: Use mdy dates from March Views Read Edit View history. This page was last edited on 14 July , at By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Misha Green Joe Pokaski. Baton Rouge , Louisiana Savannah , Georgia.

In , a group of slaves on a Georgia plantation make the dangerous decision to journey miles north for the promise of freedom. A plantation dance becomes the perfect distraction for a heist while John and Elizabeth step into a strange new world. The timetable for escape is agreed upon and Rosalee is tasked with the most important part of the plan. A notorious slave hunter tracks the runners as John and Elizabeth face a lethal predicament.

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The London Underground rail network, or "the Tube" is a great way to travel to and from central London and will be an integral part of most people's stay in the UK capital. Underground trains generally run between 5am and midnight, Monday to Saturday, with reduced operating hours. The London Underground is a public rapid transit system serving London and some parts of the adjacent counties of Buckinghamshire, Essex and Hertfordshire .

The road takes its toll on August, as the runners are trapped in a floating coffin and Ernestine struggles to maintain her influence. Innocence is lost when children are forced to face the harsh realities of the world. As death closes in, the runners' only hope is a suicidal attempt to hide in plain sight.

Ernestine faces her worst fear. Everyone must pay for their sins when the day of reckoning arrives. The remaining members of the original runners have made it North, but they've learned that freedom is harder every step of the way. Rosalee, trying desperately to discover who took Noah, finds herself pursued by a new threat.